I was looking for a simple letsencrypt tutorial for my home server running Fedora but it looks like the official (and quite capable) certbot is not availble in Fedora repos. So I have decided to go a more simple route of using acme-tiny shell script which is present and does the same, at least if you are running Apache httpd.
First off, install Apache httpd, SSL support and acme script itself:
# dnf install httpd mod_ssl acme-tiny
Let’s assume that the Apache server is already serving some files and is available on the desired domain via HTTP (not HTTPS yet):
# systemctl enable --now httpd # curl -s http://home.zapletalovi.com | grep -o "Test Page" Test Page
We are almost there, trust me. Generate a new certificate request. OpenSSL tool will ask several questions like name, organization and this stuff. Make sure that the Common Name (CN) is correct.
# cd /etc/pki/tls # ln -s /var/lib/acme/csr . # openssl req -new -nodes -keyout private/home.zapletalovi.com.key -out csr/home.zapletalovi.com.csr # chmod 0400 private/home.zapletalovi.com.key
The next step is the actual communication with the authority, putting the
challenge hash into
/var/www/challenges directory which is exported by Apache
httpd and downloading the signed request:
# systemctl start acme-tiny
See system journal for any errors. If you encounter one, just start the script manually but make sure to use acme user account not root:
# su acme -s /bin/bash # /usr/libexec/acme-tiny/sign
And that’s really all! You should have your certificate signed by letsencrypt now. Configure the desired software to use the new certificate and the key from the following paths:
# find /var/lib/acme /etc/pki/tls/private /var/lib/acme /var/lib/acme/certs /var/lib/acme/certs/home.zapletalovi.com.crt /var/lib/acme/csr /var/lib/acme/csr/home.zapletalovi.com.csr /var/lib/acme/private /var/lib/acme/private/account.key /etc/pki/tls/private/home.zapletalovi.com.key
For example I want to actually configure the Apache httpd itself:
# grep zapletalovi /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf SSLCertificateFile /var/lib/acme/certs/home.zapletalovi.com.crt SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/private/home.zapletalovi.com.key
If you are like me and running under SELinux enforcing, make sure that the newly generated certificates have the proper label:
# semanage fcontext -a -f a -t cert_t '/var/lib/acme/certs(/.*)?' # restorecon -rv /var/lib/acme/certs
The final and the most important step - enable systemd timer which will automatically extend the certificate for you:
# systemctl enable --now acme-tiny.timer
That was easy.