RHEL 7 does not ship with EFI firmware by default, at least version 7.4 I just tested with. There is easy help tho if you want to try EFI in libvirt which does not make much any other sense than for development purposes.
We will follow steps from Fedora Wiki but changed into RHEL context. Download firmware repository which have latest builds of EFI QEMU firmware and NVRAM images:
# wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/firmware.repo http://www.kraxel.org/repos/firmware.repo
Install the package:
# yum -y install edk2.git-ovmf-x64
There are several flavors available and honestly - I just randomly picked one of these:
# rpm -ql edk2.git-ovmf-x64 /usr/share/doc/edk2.git-ovmf-x64 /usr/share/doc/edk2.git-ovmf-x64/README /usr/share/edk2.git /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64 /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF-need-smm.fd /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF-pure-efi.fd /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF-with-csm.fd /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_CODE-need-smm.fd /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_CODE-pure-efi.fd /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_CODE-with-csm.fd /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_VARS-need-smm.fd /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_VARS-pure-efi.fd /usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_VARS-with-csm.fd
There are also builds for AARM64 platform, but I will focus on x64_64 in this article.
Here comes the trick, QEMU in RHEL7 is not configured to search this rather unusual EDK2 path, so let’s add it to its configuration:
# cat >>/etc/libvirt/qemu.conf <<EOQEMU nvram = [ "/usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_CODE-pure-efi.fd:/usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_VARS-pure-efi.fd" ] EOQEMU
And restart the daemon.
systemctl restart libvirtd
Done, now you can create VMs with UEFI firmware instead of BIOS. Note this cannot be changed once VM is created via virt-manager but you should be able to use command line tools:
# virsh edit my_domain ... <os> <type arch='x86_64' machine='pc-i440fx-rhel7.0.0'>hvm</type> <loader readonly='yes' type='pflash'>/usr/share/edk2.git/ovmf-x64/OVMF_CODE-pure-efi.fd</loader> <nvram>/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/nvram/rhel7.4_VARS.fd</nvram> </os> ...
If you are PXE booting, I vaguely remember that libvirt driver had some issues, it should be safer to use RTL chipset emulation. That’s all for today.